Jacobinned: The Story Behind the Story Jacobin Refused to Publish

by Yasmin Nair on December 11, 2013

Note: This is the backstory to Jacobin’s censorship of a story about immigration activism. The piece in question can be found here

For over five years, I have been gathering information, data, studies, and interviews with various sources as I work on an in-depth investigation and analysis of the current state of the immigration rights movement in the United States.

Over this time, I have uncovered a movement which bears the high gloss of radical politics but is in fact directly and indirectly driving more people towards deportation, even as it seems to be so righteously doing the opposite. The current immigration rights movement has no interest in ending the immigration crisis, and is far more invested in creating new identity categories of sad, pathetic immigrants who will be granted literal and figurative asylum in exchange for their silence about the nature of the real problems with immigration. This larger story, of which only the bare contours have been drawn above, has never been examined even in Left media venues, and most academic studies tend to err on the side of caution by praising the current movement for its supposed bravery.

We have seen the rise of conservative legislation like the DREAM (Development, Relief, and Education for Alien Minors), which compels eligible young immigrants to enter the military in exchange for the possibility of citizenship, and the criminalisation of great numbers of other immigrants of all ages. The immigration movement in the United States is punitive, dismissive of the needs of millions who desperately need real legislation, and powerful in its silencing of those who might dissent from its mainstream, neoliberal agenda of only guaranteeing safety and relief for the chosen few.

This is not the story I wrote for Jacobin. This is not the story that was, ultimately, censored by a publication that takes such pride in being l’enfant terrible of the Left.

Instead, what I pitched to Jacobin was a detailed analysis of one increasingly prominent segment of the immigration rights movement and a study of the construction of a very particular identity category, that of the Undocumented activist. My piece considered the history of how the Undocumented movement came to prominence around 2006 and the powerful metaphorical tropes it deploys as it exhorts immigrants to “come out” as undocumented. In brief, I traced the ways in which the current immigration movement creates and dwells upon identities amenable to neoliberalism, but leaves the brutality of capitalism unquestioned.

Jacobin censored this story by refusing to publish it (for more on why this was censorship and not simply a refusal, see below), at the very last minute, just before it was set to go to the publisher. For the following account of what happened, I have relied on the feedback of Peter Frase, my primary editor on the piece, as well as conversations with friends and colleagues who could give me reliable facts.

Frase worked closely with me on edits, and was himself taken aback by the decision. He was the only one who behaved like a professional throughout, making sure that the publication also paid me the entire agreed-upon amount of $200, not just a kill fee, given how late and arbitrary the decision was, with the understanding that I could do what I like with it.

As will become clear in the following analysis, Jacobin failed to adhere to the basic if unstated rules of publishing, and this debacle is also part of its failure to grasp the reach of capitalism in the realm of activist organising. But its failure is a complex and complicated one.

Ultimately, Jacobin’s inability to function with any sustainable practices is reflective of the larger malaise of Left  publishing in general. In that sense, I offer the back story and a critique as a way to not simply bring down a publication, but to begin a conversation, however fraught and difficult it might become, about the Left’s failure to actually function as the Left.

The Beginning

I was persuaded to take the story to Jacobin by friends who acted in good faith, and who believed that this would be a place for an astute, critical analysis of the DREAMers. The process began with an initial pitch, followed by a phone conversation with Frase. Frase and I agreed that, given that Jacobin’s readers were unlikely to be familiar with all the twists and turns of the bigger story, it was best to begin with a piece that focused on one segment, about the Undocumented movement.

I submitted the piece by the deadline. Frase placed my essay in Jacobin’s draft folder, where it remained for three weeks without comment from anyone. After this period, he began working on edits with me, having opened up the essay in a Google document, which he also shared with about a dozen of the editors and staff. As I worked on the edits, I noticed that no one else was on the document, and the only questions, edits, and suggestions came from Frase himself.

Eventually, we worked on the changes to our mutual satisfaction, and the piece was set to go to the typesetters. I felt relieved and happy. Given my past experience with the so-called Left publishing world, which has been wary of being critical of DREAMers, I had anticipated resistance or outright rejection. When Frase wrote to let me know he was sending it on for final edits, I thought I had finally found a place that could become a springboard for a more complicated and nuanced analysis.

I was shocked when I received an email three days later from Frase, letting me know that, to his surprise, several editors expressed strong objections to running the piece, even though they had originally seen and approved the pitch, and even though they had had ample time to decide before I began working on final edits. The decision to yank my piece was made as it was going to press. Frase supported my piece, but couldn’t win the argument to publish it.

There are certain expectations that even beleaguered and vulnerable writers have of publishers.  The act of refusal needs to take place at the right time, and it needs to be accompanied by an explanation of why the piece is being rejected.

Jacobin had at least four options in working with me: it could have rejected the pitch outright, it could have rejected the piece on spec, it could have run the piece with a response from someone in the immigration rights/undocumented movement. Or, it could have contacted me and worked with me on revising the piece.

Instead, to date, Jacobin has not even sent me any explanation of why it chose to reject the piece, despite Frase trying to get the editors to explain matters to me.

They treated a writer like shit, and they, perhaps even more importantly, treated their primary editor like shit, by letting him do a considerable amount of work, from the labour involved in the first phone call, to seeing the pitches, to the actual (and excellent) editing. To then yank the piece at the very last minute, without even the standard process of explaining to the writer why it was yanked, put Frase in a terrible position of having to not only relay the news to me, without the courtesy of any real explanation but also completely discounted and disregarded his place as the primary editor who had commissioned the piece. He later summarised the points on the phone, because he did not want to forward anyone’s email criticisms without their permission, and none of them had responded to his request to communicate their issues to me.

The End

As I’ve gathered from all my conversations, Jacobin had two main issues with my piece. The first was what some felt was an unfair characterisation of the DREAMers and undocumented activists, and that I was coming from an “ultra-Left” position. I’ll let the piece speak for itself on those matters.

The second main criticism was that I had no right to speak as someone who was clearly not undocumented herself.

This second part reveals that Jacobin is incapable of handling a more nuanced conversation about difficult issues, but it also reveals the discomfort of the Left with regard to issues like immigration, which are generally relayed only in narratives that evoke white guilt and which depend on comfortable narratives about identity.

The discourse on immigration currently follows limited trajectories. Leftists of all colours are deeply terrified of being called out as racists if they offer so much as a peep against even the most problematic work by immigration activists. Immigration activism in its current state in the US also depends on deeply affective modes, particularly that of story-telling, which I’ve critiqued here, and authenticity.

This means that there can be no investigations of the real nature of the movements like those of the Undocumented, and that journalistic coverage of their work needs to be of the fawning sort. In effect, only two kinds of people are allowed to produce work on the Undocumented and their work must be cast in very specific ideological terms: White, Brown, or Black people who have citizenship can write about the Undocumented, but only if they praise the latter as brave new activists. Undocumented people might be allowed to write about the undocumented movement and might be allowed to be critical (although, to date, there have been no such critiques published, and the absence of that should make us wonder why). And no matter what undocumented people do or write, they must perform their identities as sad immigrants with tragic stories about families torn apart or brutality.

As I wrote in this short piece, “Confession, Neoliberalism, and The Big Reveal,” I’ve been thinking a lot about confession, lately, and the ways in which the world I occupy—a putatively radical one, where there’s a great deal of confessing and revealing to do, where people are constantly standing up and trying to outdo each other in what they can reveal about themselves—exerts a constant pressure to always be the Confessional Subject. I feel like I’m constantly dancing on the Precipice of Confession.

People of colour and women in particular are denied discursive access or claim to theoretical and analytic rigour. There are formal and informal gateways we must pass through, and our only acceptable credentials as women of colour who write about the brutality of state and oppresive regimes are our presumed experiences. To that end, a brown immigrant who dares to question the strategies of immigration activists is immediately questioned on the basis of her experience, her analysis be damned.

But we all inhabit contradictions. When someone comes to me for help because they need to file for asylum, I don’t scoff and lecture them about the problematics of asylum’s place in the neoliberal state: I simply help them find the best attorney or immigration organisation that can give them the most thoughtful attention and care. I also don’t reveal their identities or cases publicly or privately because I know what is at stake for them.

A number of my friends are social workers or immigration activists and/or lawyers: none of us have any illusions that the discourses of the state are anything but problematic, even as we use any means necessary to solve problems in real time. But we are all also engaged in a massive struggle to simultaneously shift paradigms so that matters might become that much less excruciating for millions of the world’s exploited.

Our work and analyses face the greatest obstacles not from the familiar bogey-man, the Right, but from a Left which is terrified of being called racist because it has painted itself into the corner of identitarianism, where politics is judged solely by the history of oppressions that can be claimed.

It does not matter what my revelations are or are not, and it does not matter if Jacobin is comprised mainly of white hipsters or not. Just as it’s perfectly possible for a relatively privileged white hipster to engage a thorough and critical analysis of race and inequality, it’s also possible for a brown person to critically analyse and investigate a movement which depends upon pathos and guilt-inducing narratives, without having to come out as part of an oppressed category.

Besides, those, like Jacobin, who insist upon A Big Reveal to justify critique, might want to be careful: They could get what they ask for.

Forward

I’ve been assured by Frase that there were no insidious funders working behind the scenes to shut down the piece, and I believe him. However, while there may not have been direct pressure exerted, Jacobin eventually gave in to political pressure, even if on its own terms. As I know too well, several immigrant organisers and thinkers, including DREAMers, actually support a critique of the movement’s tactics. Jacobin’s refusal to open up a conversation means that the movement now has more power to exert one and only one tactic upon people and organisations. It means that those who have had and continue to have issues with the DREAMERs’ failed strategy of “civil disobedience” (as discussed in “Undocumented”) will be even more unlikely to speak out.

At this point, however, the piece did in fact make its way to publication, to this website. The end result is likely to raise questions: why would I still call this censorship, and why have I bothered to take this back story so public, instead of quietly taking my money and walking away?

Jacobin’s actions speak to both a structural incoherence of a publication that, to put it bluntly, simply cannot get its act together, as well as a larger symptomatic problem with the Left wing of the publishing world whose politics on issues like immigration challenge its ability to actually think and act as the Left. When a publication decides to not publish something, without any kind of feedback or even a comment to the writer, that is in fact a silencing without explanation and censorship. When its rationale is that the subject could not adequately confess to being oppressed, it is creating unreasonable demands that can never be adequately fulfilled—the point of a Culture of Confession is also that there can never be enough revelations. The Confessing Subject is doomed to dance the Seven Veils of Oppression for all eternity, and with every step comes the demand for more, even more tragedy and calamity: Rape!  Murder!  Incest!  War!  Famine!  Hunger!

There also needs to be an appraisal of the state of Left publishing in general and Jacobin’s place in it in particular. Jacobin is by no means the only or the most powerful or really even the most significant publication of the Left. But it has built up a tremendous and unique level of cultural cachet and it has done that with the goodwill and support of a cadre of well-placed intellectuals and academics. As I understand it, many of these people either write for free or for much less than they would ask for elsewhere.

Jacobin’s cultural cachet emerges, perhaps somewhat ironically, from a very particular set of circumstances bred by neoliberalism.

The breakdown of the stability of university jobs, the dwindling prospect of tenure for many in academia, and the fact that professors are increasingly being admonished to publish in the “real world” to prove that their work is “relevant” has meant that publications like Jacobin are able to depend on a large number of highly educated (but not necessarily qualified) writers who don’t depend on writing for their source of income and whose names lend a star quality. These kinds of publications also attract established writers looking for newer, hipper markets for their writing. Whether or not we discuss such people as scabs, moving in to take writing jobs that could be filled by people who need to write for money is perhaps a topic for another day, and I want to recognise that this is a more complicated conversation that needs to had. I’ve written about the issues of writing for free in my Make Art! Change the World! Starve!: The Fallacy of Art as Social Justice, and Sarah Jaffe has a list of reading materials here.

All of this is part of the larger context of censorship which played out at Jacobin. It’s not just about a piece being turned down at the last minute, but about larger systemic and structural issues.

I’m well aware that Jacobin in particular has long been subject to a degree of sneering and, let us be honest, outright envy in some quarters. The most commonplace criticism has been that it’s run by and for a group of over-privileged and hipster Marxists with too much time and money on their hands. To the best of my knowledge and based on conversations with people I trust, this publication is not run on trust funds and most or all of those involved sustain themselves on day jobs. Putting even aside even the question of whether or not this is true: I have no interest in replicating such criticisms because I find them problematically reductive and simplistic and embedded in a populist idea of what “The Left” should look and talk like. This popular meme demonstrates the hopelessly outdated and reductive version of “class warfare” that sustains too many conversations about economic inequality.

I’m far more interested in using this moment to expose the frailties of Left discourse and publishing, the uneven and unequal labour conditions in the world of Left publishing, and to consider how we might collectively go about dismantling the prevailing problematic narratives about guilt and oppression that have so long dominated the Left.

As far as the issue at hand, of immigration and the Undocumented movement, is concerned: Jacobin lost its chance to publish a piece that shows only the tip of the iceberg.  In recent weeks, one of my contacts Zé, an undocumented immigrant, has issued this statement (I’m in touch with various people named here to see if groups, not just individuals, have a response, but have received no group responses yet).  The point is not that Zé’s narrative, which calls out the professionalisation of the Undocumented, is the only one to take into account but that “we” on the Left have to confront how it is that only one side of the Undocumented movement—the good, brave one— has received such wide play in media. My own plan is to continue working on the larger and far  more detailed investigation of how matters came to this point, where some clearly feel silenced and brutalised by their very own.

I had hoped that Jacobin would be the springboard for a long-simmering, nuanced, critical discussion of the Undocumented movement.

Instead, Jacobin is, in the worst way possible, now part of this story.

(See the piece in question here: “Undocumented”: How an Identity Ended a Movement.)

Yasmin Nair lives and works in Uptown, Chicago, and her work is archived at www.yasminnair.net.  She wants to thank Richard Hoffman Reinhardt and Kate Sosin for their feedback, Alexander Kramer for suggesting the title, and everyone at The North Star, particularly Dario Cankovic, for their support of this and the accompanying piece.  

{ 48 comments… read them below or add one }

♥ and ☭ December 11, 2013 at 6:46 pm

“Someone didn’t print my article? THIS IS HOW STALIN STARTED!!!”

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james December 11, 2013 at 6:49 pm

seems like Jacobin demolished the Bastille only to enter The Vampire’s Castle

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Amber A'Lee Frost December 11, 2013 at 10:33 pm

You’re reaching.

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jim jepps December 11, 2013 at 8:24 pm

Honestly, the only content in the above article is “they didn’t print my article and I found them rude”. You seem to be saying that you have something to say, but don’t use the space available to actually say it. Whatever your argument is, perhaps you’re right – I just don’t know what it is and why you think it was “censored”.

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TGQ December 11, 2013 at 9:02 pm

This is incredibly insubstantial, and after reading the article in question … hmm… yes, it was clear why this wasn’t printed. It’s not a good read (not that The Jacobin has much going for it besides for its design and style).

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SeanJohnston December 11, 2013 at 9:13 pm

Your critiques of Jacobin don’t outwardly appear like they may be unfounded, and I’m very sympathetic to many of the points you make, but the fact that it is written within your narrative of a story rejection severely complicates things. It is quite hard not to read this as a case of sour grapes – after all, would you have been forthcoming with your criticisms of Jacobin had your story been accepted?

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Alexander Miller December 11, 2013 at 9:34 pm

I find this a really frustrating criticism because it carries with it the implication that the only valid critiques are those that are leveled by disinterested parties. For my part, I found the focus on a clear and specific episode to be far more instructive than the generalities, implications and insinuations that usually dominate these discussions, but also it seems like you’re damned if you do and damned if you don’t. Focus on the general and someone can always say you’re overgeneralizing, focus on the specific and someone can say you’re just bitter.

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SeanJohnston December 11, 2013 at 9:52 pm

its just that many of her criticisms of Jacobin fall outside of the parameters of the issue of Nair’s story and its potential publication. Was Nair going to write a separate article about the presumed failings of Jacobin after her work was published? Or does she trot out these accusations and critiques in response to her sore feelings? I actually don’t think she’s being especially unfair – Nair comes off as balanced and reasonable in her approach – but I do think there is a muddling of message and intention when everything is just thrown into one big pot as it is in this article.

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Alexander Miller December 11, 2013 at 10:26 pm

The article is about the failings of Jacobin as she experienced them, and in that sense it’s clearly a reaction to her rejection. However the implication that this is just sour grapes, or that Nair is might just be insincerely taking potshots at Jacobin out of bitterness, is a kind of smarmy bourgeois dismissal. If someone’s article gets rejected because it’s “ultra-left” and the author doesn’t possess the (apparently requisite) identitarian characteristics they’re perfectly within their rights to complain about it.

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SeanJohnston December 11, 2013 at 10:36 pm

that would seem like an awful lot of speculation on both Nair’s and your own part Alexander. I only commented as far as to say that it reads like sour grapes, her intention may very well be otherwise. But please, feel free to tell my other ways I’m clearly failing as a leftist if I have some critiques myself of the article. Are you going to throw out “revisionist!” next?

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Alexander Miller December 11, 2013 at 10:49 pm

It’s not speculation though, according to Nair it’s exactly what Jacobin editor Peter Frase told her. You’d have a point if her article were rejected on the grounds of being a poor article, but what she’s saying here is that it was rejected on suspect ideological grounds. That’s worth airing publicly, and it’s not really possible to do that in a way that avoids any potential misreading that she’s just bitter. In any case I’m not saying these things to impugn your leftist credentials any more than you’re (presumably) trying to impugn Nair’s.

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Mark December 11, 2013 at 11:13 pm

Umm… sometimes “suspect ideological grounds” and “being a poor article” are the same thing. As in, if the editors of a socialist magazine get a submission that’s ultraleft or reactionary, they’re going to consider it a poor article (at least for their publication) and reject it. After reading Nair’s article, the characterization as “ultra-left” seems right to me. She seems to feel like The Jacobin is scared of her for some reason, not in a political disagreement with her politically. The latter seems much more likely. It happens all the time, and people’s pieces get shot down. Not sure why she felt the need to make such a huge deal out of it.

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Alexander Miller December 11, 2013 at 11:42 pm

Nair’s article is a critique of the mainstream immigration reform movement from a leftist perspective that briefly hints at anti-capitalism. It’s not ultra-left, and for that matter it’s not even as far left as articles Jacobin regularly publishes including, for example, Vivek Chibber defending orthodox Marxism against criticism coming from post-colonial theory. But you’re right that it’s one thing if this is simply a political disagreement and Jacobin simply isn’t interested in publishing anything outside of the mainstream center-left, (though that would still be worth criticizing in my opinion), but more troubling is her claim that the article wasn’t published because Nair herself wasn’t an illegal immigrant.

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albitrosss December 12, 2013 at 1:24 am

It’s not clearly anything of the sort.

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SeanJohnston December 12, 2013 at 12:27 am

Alex, I guess you will have to point out to me where I impugn Nair’s leftist credentials. I certainly don’t see any in the multiple times I paused to give approval to a number of things she said.

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Alexander Miller December 12, 2013 at 12:31 am

No, you’re misunderstanding. Read closely, I’m saying neither of us are doing that.

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SeanJohnston December 12, 2013 at 12:39 am

Yes I misinterpreted.

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Alec Hudson December 11, 2013 at 9:19 pm

I don’t think this qualifies at all as “censorship”, it was unfortunate that they cancelled the article at the last minute but that is not the same as a coordinated silencing of an opinion. Many people who write articles to publications like Jacobin don’t get their work published, and then they search for other publishers, and you found The North Star.

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albitrosss December 12, 2013 at 1:21 am

I’m not sure it was unfortunate, for them.

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Aaron Aarons December 11, 2013 at 10:49 pm

Can’t we simply say that any political position that supports and/or strengthens ruling-class actions against some oppressed people in exchange for concessions to other oppressed people is unacceptable? That includes support for any so-called “immigration reform” that has even a snowball’s chance in hell of getting through the United Snakes Congress.

Our job is NOT to reform the migrant control system but to undermine it, by any means necessary, including partial or total destruction of both silicon-based and carbon-based entities that enforce it.

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albitrosss December 12, 2013 at 1:09 am

The author is fairly certain that she’s a good writer and has something substantial and groundbreaking to say. I’m not so sure. I find both this article and the “rejected” article to be very weak, poorly worded, and rather unclear as to the argument. The author hedges around something, but what it is, one cannot be certain. That’s because, rather than coming from a strong writer, this piece and the piece whose history it tells are rather muddled and botched pieces of writing. I really wish this weren’t the case, and that the critique of identitarian politics, which is promised here, could at all be descried.

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Alexander Miller December 13, 2013 at 8:33 pm

I actually agree with most of this, to be fair. Both articles, while raising interesting points at times, seem unfocused, aimless and unable to state clear arguments. That said, Nair makes some allegations about her piece being rejected for reasons that have nothing to do with the quality of the writing, and those are still worth taking seriously.

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ericribellarsi December 12, 2013 at 2:53 am

North Star has seriously become a nasty tabloid. These articles are remarkably cynical and are typical academic language games. They are not radical, at all. Sniping other political trends without any real substance like this is extremely unprincipled.

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SeanJohnston December 12, 2013 at 7:26 am

The North Star is an arena, not a publication with a strong, singular editorial stance. TNS isn’t co-signing everything it publishes.

fwiw, if twitter is any indication it would appear that there is little actual animosity between North Star editors and the regular Jacobin editors and contributors. Dario Cankovic, who was singled out for help on this article was only just yesterday saying on a facebook status he had subscribed to Jacobin during their current circulation drive and was implying that he was hoping others would join him. Lets not blow a critique out of proportion.

It would be really nice, however, if people didn’t presume themselves to be the sole owners and arbiters of what constitutes True Radicalism.

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Anon December 13, 2013 at 12:13 am

Critiquing without offering any substantive content?

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Jim Farmelant December 13, 2013 at 7:54 pm

I’ve had a couple of articles rejected by MRZine. Does that mean that I was censored by Yoshie Furuhashi? What nonsense! Frankly, I can’t blame The Jacobin for not running the article in question.

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Dragon Drop December 14, 2013 at 2:20 pm

I think it’s the lack of professionalism from Jacobin. Censorship is the wrong word, natch, but that’s pretty typical of USers.

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Abraham Marx December 15, 2013 at 9:14 pm

….of course the North Star also decided some time ago to ‘censor’ me from publishing any further articles here once Binh left. Of course, the difference between censorship, silliness, and petty editorial power-hunger is one of perspective.

the reason? “The articles you submitted, while related, where not for us, although we do think there is a market somewhere” for what I sent in…

Good to know that left politics and journalism is safely ensconced in a market eccosystem. Of course, the whole left is a mess and blaming North Star is to blame the symptom not the disease.

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tommy December 18, 2013 at 1:09 am

until Jacobin actually explains their actions, we have no reason to not believe Nair

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Markangelo March 19, 2014 at 1:59 am

Ultra left ?????????????????
How left could she be;
does not work but only writes ?
Receive then she wants
cash for her creation !
Just as much a protective capitalist as Jacobin.

exactly like this:
“OCCUPY WALL STREET,
we’re not communists.”

PS
She signifies her scribbles in a choate clear formula
for anyone who has read post modernism ?

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ursprung March 23, 2014 at 5:59 pm

Nice piece. One critique, however: Jacobin is not leftist by any stretch of the imagination. Sure it runs some great leftist pieces but overall I find this publication terrifyingly neo-liberal. For instance, they went after CounterPunch last year after CP ran a piece that analyzed the batter between feminists and trans advocates. It was a well-written and considerate piece. Jacobin ran a defamatory article about CounterPunch and the writer of the original piece. When the writer approached Jacobin the editor said that they would normally run a rebuttal but they were being sued and could not. The writer found out earlier this year that this lawsuit was a fiction, so she wrote Jacobin to address this and to submit the rebuttal. The editor has yet to respond months later. Yet he ran another story by the same writer which once again takes up the neoliberal position of pro-identity politics. Too much to say on the regressive nature of identity politics, but my bottom line is that Jacobin is best ignored. I do not foresee this publication’s continued existence for many years to come.

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Augustino April 20, 2014 at 5:49 pm

The issue with your article is that you claim to have studied the immigrant rights movement for years yet conflate the immigrant rights NPIC with DREAMers and undocumented/un afraid activists and Luis Gutierrez and NIYA, and it’s just like wo! Stop! The imm rights movement is an umbrella with many different currents.

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